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On 6/6/2013 10:24 PM, Matthew Thode wrote:
> On 06/06/2013 07:56 PM, Patrick K., ITF wrote:
>> Excuse me, But ZFS is a patented technology Owned by Oracle Inc., and
>> only its implementation in CDDL was/is free.
>> CDDL is incompatible with GPL,
>> How come that ZFS can be used as root File System on Linux then?! , ZFS
>> cannot be integrated into kernel due to Legal reasons as explained,
>> unless every recipient makes modification and compilation himself/herself.
>> Even if you make a Module you cannot distribute it as binary, subject to
>> derivative work.
>> If you distribute it as Module you must distribute source code, and the
>> recipient must compile the whole kernel (on every system that is being
>> If you compile into binary module and distribute it, then due to linking
>> you still violate CDDL (derivative work)
>> All may result in getting sued by Oracle Inc. due to Patent violation.
>> Best regards,
>> Patrick K.
>> On 6/6/2013 8:14 PM, Matthew Thode wrote:
>>> zfs is very close to usable as a root file-system with selinux, but is
>>> just missing one thing, it doesn't know what to set the root context to
>>> on mount.
>>> I am going to petition for this to be added as a property, but should it
>>> be called rootcontext (want to make sure it's valid).
>>> system_u:object_r:fs_t is what I used just to get my system working
>>> (including stuff like /usr, but meh).
>>> here is the upstream bug if curious
> zfs version 28 was released under the cddl, which means it is not able
> to be integrated statically into the kernel and then redistributed (my
> interpretation). I can create my own static kernel image with zfs and
> use it on my own though (and this is my preferred method of using it).
I believe you need to consult with a lawyer, that's not entirely right,
I'm very well aware of that.(FreeBSD and Illumos - former OpenSolaris-
The question was rhetorical making you pay attention to the legal facts)
> You are also able to use proprietary kernel modules as well. Ever use
> the AFS (filesystem) on Linux? Here is a link as to what Linus has to
> think on the mater.
OpenAFS has different License it is IPL. Do you pay attention to the
licenses? You need to ask your lawyer.
And it seems you do not read what Linus wrote, he admits about modules
" ... (they can potentially be considered derived works, even if you
don't actually link them into the kernel, per se) ..."
He somewhat wants to ignore that, as long as the IPR owner has no issue
Linus won't cause trouble, but Oracle Inc. has issues on this, They are
selling ZFS Storage and ZFS is a core feature of Solaris, They have very
clear commercial interest in it, in fact originally CDDL was chosen (at
SUN) to some extent due to keeping their rights.
> The CDDL provides a patent grant and the conflict only affects
> distribution of linked binaries on the GPL end. Since the modules are
> from Solaris, they are not considered a derived work, so the derived
> work in the GPL is irrelevant. It is my interpretation that I can make
> and distribute a module, but that is not the question here.
This is different, The owner of the IPR (Intellectual Property Right)
Originally SUN Micros systems Inc and Now Oracle Inc, has not created
that Module, and has not granted such right, only CDDL version is free
and comes with granted right not infringing the patents.
When third parties create module for Kernel they combine it with enough
code and adapt it with Linux Kernel that constitutes a derivative work,
which is in case of kernel it should be in GPL, GPL requires you to
make all the code GPL, you cannot change the License of the CDDL parts
(according to CDDL grant of rights), if you do that you have terminated
your agreement and you lose granted rights to patents.
When you create the Module in the case of File system you make
derivative work of Linux then the entire work needs to be in GPL (While
CDDL license does not permit you to change the license of those parts
that are already in CDDL)
In an enterprise if you deploy such Module, and use outsourced
technicians or companies then they are distributing illegal and
unlicensed code, since the fair usage case is when the owner of the
system applies modification to his/her/its system, if third parties do
so it is a clear case of distribution.
Thus no sane and law abiding management would let you use that.
Please see this page:
> So, do you think the name for that zfs property would be accurate
The correct legal method of using ZFS under Linux is using it through
(iSCSI, Fiber Channel, ATAoE) SAN or NAS on FreeBSD, Illumos, Solaris or
Oracle's ZFS Storage systems.
Notice: Legal issues explained in this message are for information
purposes only and should not be considered as legal advice, please
consult with your lawyer for legal advice.
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