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selinux: Re: [RFC PATCH 2/2] SELinux: cache inode checks inside

Re: [RFC PATCH 2/2] SELinux: cache inode checks inside struct inode

From: Casey Schaufler <casey_at_nospam>
Date: Mon Jun 03 2013 - 20:26:31 GMT
To: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>

On 6/3/2013 11:59 AM, Eric Paris wrote:
> This patch adds a cache of selinux security checks into struct inode.

This violates the security blob architecture of the LSM.

Security module specific optimizations in the VFS layer are
probably going to be pointless if (when) we go to stackable
security modules. I have based all of the work I've been
doing on stacking modules on the blob pointer architecture.
Building special case code into the stacking infrastructure
to accommodate this optimization, which will apply only if
SELinux is being used and no other inode blob using LSM is
in use, will be possible, but heinous.

We (the LSM community) agreed to the blob pointer architecture
for a number of reasons, one of which was that it keeps all of
the details of the implementation hidden from the VFS. Pulling
SELinux specific code into the VFS violates that dramatically.

I understand that Linus has chimed in on this issue and has
spoken well of the potential performance improvement. I suggest
that if we have a module independent "cache" we (for values of
"we" that include modules other than SELinux) will be better off.
*I understand that today only SELinux and Smack use i_security.*
I do not expect that to continue into the future.

> It is protected by the seq counter against updates by other nodes. This
> has a measurable impact on one benchmark Linus mentioned. The cpu
> time using make to check a huge project for changes. It is going to
> have a negative impact on cases where tasks with different labels are
> accessing the same object. In these cases each one will grab the i_lock
> to reset the in inode cache. The only place I imagine this would be
> common would be with shared libraries. But as those are typically
> openned and mmapped, they don't have continuous checks...
>
> Stock Kernel:
> 8.23% make [k] __d_lookup_rcu
> 6.27% make [k] link_path_walk
> 3.91% make [k] selinux_inode_permission <----
> 3.37% make [k] avc_has_perm_noaudit <----
> 2.26% make [k] lookup_fast
> 2.12% make [k] system_call
> 1.86% make [k] path_lookupat
> 1.82% make [k] inode_has_perm.isra.32.constprop.61 <----
> 1.57% make [k] copy_user_enhanced_fast_string
> 1.48% make [k] generic_permission
> 1.34% make [k] __audit_syscall_exit
> 1.31% make [k] kmem_cache_free
> 1.24% make [k] kmem_cache_alloc
> 1.20% make [k] generic_fillattr
> 1.12% make [k] __inode_permission
> 1.06% make [k] dput
> 1.04% make [k] strncpy_from_user
> 1.04% make [k] _raw_spin_lock
> Total: 3.91 + 3.37 + 1.82 = 9.1%
>
> My Changes:
> 8.54% make [k] __d_lookup_rcu
> 6.52% make [k] link_path_walk
> 3.93% make [k] inode_has_perm <----
> 2.31% make [k] lookup_fast
> 2.05% make [k] system_call
> 1.79% make [k] path_lookupat
> 1.72% make [k] generic_permission
> 1.50% make [k] __audit_syscall_exit
> 1.49% make [k] selinux_inode_permission <----
> 1.47% make [k] copy_user_enhanced_fast_string
> 1.28% make [k] __inode_permission
> 1.23% make [k] kmem_cache_alloc
> 1.19% make [k] _raw_spin_lock
> 1.15% make [k] lg_local_lock
> 1.10% make [k] strncpy_from_user
> 1.10% make [k] dput
> 1.08% make [k] kmem_cache_free
> 1.08% make [k] generic_fillattr
> Total: 3.93 + 1.49 = 5.42
>
> In inode_has_perm the big time takers are loading cred->sid and the
> raw_seqcount_begin(inode->i_security_seccount). I'm not certain how to
> make either of those much faster.
>
> In selinux_inode_permission() we spend time in getting current->cred and
> in calling inode_has_perm().
>
> Signed-off-by: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
> ---
> include/linux/fs.h | 5 +++
> security/selinux/hooks.c | 62 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> security/selinux/include/security.h | 1 +
> security/selinux/ss/services.c | 5 +++
> 4 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
> index 43db02e..5268cf3 100644
> --- a/include/linux/fs.h
> +++ b/include/linux/fs.h
> @@ -535,6 +535,11 @@ struct inode {
> struct address_space *i_mapping;
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY

Shouldn't these be under #ifdef SELINUX?
They're pointless without SELinux.

> + seqcount_t i_security_seqcount;
> + u32 i_last_task_sid;
> + u32 i_last_granting;
> + u32 i_last_perms;
> + u32 i_audit_allow;
> void *i_security;
> #endif
>
> diff --git a/security/selinux/hooks.c b/security/selinux/hooks.c
> index cfecb52..00dd6d9 100644
> --- a/security/selinux/hooks.c
> +++ b/security/selinux/hooks.c
> @@ -82,6 +82,7 @@
> #include <linux/user_namespace.h>
> #include <linux/export.h>
> #include <linux/msg.h>
> +#include <linux/seqlock.h>
> #include <linux/shm.h>
>
> #include "avc.h"
> @@ -207,6 +208,7 @@ static int inode_alloc_security(struct inode *inode)
> if (!isec)
> return -ENOMEM;
>
> + seqcount_init(&inode->i_security_seqcount);
> mutex_init(&isec->lock);
> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&isec->list);
> isec->inode = inode;
> @@ -1516,6 +1518,44 @@ static noinline int audit_inode_permission(struct inode *inode,
> return 0;
> }
>
> +static bool inode_has_perm_cached(u32 sid, struct inode *inode, u32 perms)
> +{
> + unsigned seq;
> + u32 last_task_sid;
> + u32 last_perms;
> + u32 last_granting;
> +
> + seq = raw_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_security_seqcount);
> + last_task_sid = inode->i_last_task_sid;
> + last_perms = inode->i_last_perms;
> + last_granting = inode->i_last_granting;
> +
> + /* something changed, bail! */
> + if (read_seqcount_retry(&inode->i_security_seqcount, seq))
> + return false;
> +
> + return sid == last_task_sid && (perms & last_perms) == perms &&
> + security_get_latest_granting() == last_granting;
> +}
> +
> +static void inode_set_perm_cache(struct inode *inode, u32 task_sid, u32 perms,
> + u32 granting, u32 audit_allow)
> +{
> + spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
> + write_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_security_seqcount);
> + if (inode->i_last_task_sid == task_sid &&
> + inode->i_last_granting == granting) {
> + inode->i_last_perms |= perms;
> + } else {
> + inode->i_last_task_sid = task_sid;
> + inode->i_last_perms = perms;
> + inode->i_last_granting = granting;
> + inode->i_audit_allow = audit_allow;
> + }
> + write_seqcount_end(&inode->i_security_seqcount);
> + spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
> +}
> +
> /* Check whether a task has a particular permission to an inode.
> The 'adp' parameter is optional and allows other audit
> data to be passed (e.g. the dentry). */
> @@ -1525,7 +1565,6 @@ static int inode_has_perm(const struct cred *cred,
> struct common_audit_data *adp,
> unsigned flags)
> {
> - struct inode_security_struct *isec;
> struct av_decision avd;
> u32 sid, denied, audited;
> int rc, rc2;
> @@ -1536,9 +1575,23 @@ static int inode_has_perm(const struct cred *cred,
> return 0;
>
> sid = cred_sid(cred);
> - isec = inode->i_security;
>
> - rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(sid, isec->sid, isec->sclass, perms, 0, &avd);
> + if (inode_has_perm_cached(sid, inode, perms)) {
> + rc = 0;
> + avd.allowed = -1;
> + avd.auditallow = inode->i_audit_allow;
> + avd.auditdeny = -1;
> + avd.seqno = 0;
> + avd.flags = 0;
> + } else {
> + struct inode_security_struct *isec;
> +
> + isec = inode->i_security;
> +
> + rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(sid, isec->sid, isec->sclass, perms, 0, &avd);
> + if (!rc)
> + inode_set_perm_cache(inode, sid, perms, avd.seqno, avd.auditallow);
> + }
> audited = avc_audit_required(perms, &avd, rc, dontaudit, &denied);
> if (likely(!audited))
> return rc;
> @@ -1546,7 +1599,7 @@ static int inode_has_perm(const struct cred *cred,
> rc2 = audit_inode_permission(inode, adp, perms, audited, denied, flags);
> if (rc2)
> return rc2;
> - return avc_has_perm_flags(sid, isec->sid, isec->sclass, perms, adp, flags);
> + return rc;
> }
>
> /* Same as inode_has_perm, but pass explicit audit data containing
> @@ -2841,6 +2894,7 @@ static void selinux_inode_post_setxattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name,
> return;
> }
>
> + inode_set_perm_cache(inode, 0, 0, 0, 0);
> isec->sid = newsid;
> return;
> }
> diff --git a/security/selinux/include/security.h b/security/selinux/include/security.h
> index 6d38851..ec7d984 100644
> --- a/security/selinux/include/security.h
> +++ b/security/selinux/include/security.h
> @@ -85,6 +85,7 @@ extern int selinux_policycap_openperm;
> /* limitation of boundary depth */
> #define POLICYDB_BOUNDS_MAXDEPTH 4
>
> +u32 security_get_latest_granting(void);
> int security_mls_enabled(void);
>
> int security_load_policy(void *data, size_t len);
> diff --git a/security/selinux/ss/services.c b/security/selinux/ss/services.c
> index b4feecc3..c6687ab 100644
> --- a/security/selinux/ss/services.c
> +++ b/security/selinux/ss/services.c
> @@ -87,6 +87,11 @@ int ss_initialized;
> */
> static u32 latest_granting;
>
> +u32 security_get_latest_granting(void)
> +{
> + return latest_granting;
> +}
> +
> /* Forward declaration. */
> static int context_struct_to_string(struct context *context, char **scontext,
> u32 *scontext_len);

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